(October 30, 1999) The 12th Session of
Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (NPC)
on October 30, 1999 adopted a resolution concerning the
banning of heretic cult organizations, prevention measures
against them and punishment for cult activities.
The following is the full text of the NPC
To maintain social stability,
protect the interest of people, safeguard reform and opening
up and the construction of a modern socialist country, it is
necessary to ban heretic cult organizations, and prevent and
punish cult activities.
Based on the
Constitution and other related laws, the following decision
is hereby made:
1. Heretic cult organizations
shall be resolutely banned according to law and all of their
criminal activities shall be dealt with severely.
Heretic cults, operating under the guise of
religion, Qigong or other illicit forms, which disturb
social order and jeopardize people's life and property, must
be banned according to law and punished resolutely.
People's courts, people's procuratorates,
public security, national security and judicial
administrative agencies shall fulfill their duties in
carrying out these tasks.
To be severely dealt
with according to law are those who manipulate members of
cult organizations to violate national laws and
administrative regulations, organize mass gatherings to
disrupt social order, and fool others, cause deaths, rape
women, swindle people out their money and property or commit
other crimes with superstition and heresy.
The principle of combining education with punishment should
be followed in order to unify and instruct the majority of
the deceived public and to mete out severe punishment to the
handful of criminals.
During the course of
handling cult groups according to law, people who joined
cult organizations but were unaware of the lies being spread
by the group shall be differentiated from criminal elements
who organize and take advantage of cult groups for illegal
activities and/or to intentionally destroy social stability.
The majority of the deceived members shall not
be prosecuted, while those organizers, leaders and core
members who committed crimes shall be investigated for
criminal conduct; those who surrender to the authorities or
contribute to the investigations shall be given lesser
punishments in accordance with the law, or be exempt from
3. Long-term, comprehensive
instruction on the Constitution and the law should be
carried out among all citizens, knowledge of science and
technology should be popularized and the national literacy
Banning cult organizations and
punishing cult activities according to law goes hand in hand
with protecting normal religious activities and people's
freedom of religious belief.
The public should
be exposed to the inhumane and anti-social nature of heretic
cults, so they can knowingly resist influences of cult
organizations, enhance their awareness of the law and abide
4. All corners of society shall be
mobilized in preventing and fighting against cult
activities, and a comprehensive management system should be
put in place. People's governments and judicial bodies at
all levels should be held responsible for guarding against
the creation and spread of cult organizations and combating
cult activities. This is an important, long-term task that
will ensure social stability. (End)