Ambassador Qin Huasun, China's permanent
representative to the UN, sent a letter on July 22 to UN
Secretary-General Kofi Annan, refuting attempts to split
China by Nicaragua and eight other countries.
On July 14, Nicaragua and eight other
countries addressed a letter to Kofi Annan in which they
requested inscription on the agenda of the coming 52nd
session of the General Assembly of an item of the so-called
"necessity to review Resolution 2758 (XXVI) of the
General Assembly of the United Nations due to fundamental
change in the international situation and two governments
co-existing across the Taiwan Straits."
Qin said that the letter and its annexes of
Nicaragua and eight other countries "distort facts in a
brazen attempt to make use of the august organization of the
United Nations to carry out plots aimed at splitting a
sovereign state and creating 'two Chinas,' 'one China, one
Taiwan' or 'one country, two governments.'"
"This has not only seriously encroached
upon China's sovereignty and grossly interfered in its
internal affairs, but also willfully trampled upon the
Purposes and Principles of the United Nations Charter and
Resolution 2758 (XXVI) of the General Assembly, at which the
Chinese government and people express their utmost
indignation and condemnation," Qin said in his letter.
The Chinese government and people are firmly
opposed to any such illegal activities against the spirit of
the Charter by any country or person under whatever pretext
and strongly urge Nicaragua and a very small number of other
countries to redress their erroneous acts immediately, he
As is known to all, Taiwan has been an
inalienable part of China since ancient times. To date, 159
countries have established diplomatic relations with China.
They all recognize that there is but one China in the world,
that the Government of the People's Republic of China is the
sole legal government representing China in its entirety and
that Taiwan is part of China, he said.
the two sides of the Taiwan Straits have been in a temporary
state of separation since October 1949, he said, the status
of Taiwan as part of the territory of the People's Republic
of China has never changed, nor has the Government of the
People's Republic of China ever given up its jurisdiction
"No change in Taiwan's
social, economic and political situation can change the fact
that Taiwan is an inalienable part of the Chinese territory,
that Taiwan is a province of China and the Taiwan
authorities are a local authority of China. "
Qin Huasun stressed that the restoration of
the lawful rights of the People's Republic of China and the
expulsion of the Taiwan authorities from the United Nations
are two indivisible aspects of one question.
In his letter he reviewed the adoption of the
historically significant Resolution 2758 (XXVI), which
clearly and unequivocally "recognized that the
representatives of the Government of the People's Republic
of China are the only lawful representatives of China to the
United Nations and that the People's Republic of China is
one of the five permanent representatives of the Security
Council" and decides to restore all rights of the
People's Republic of China in the United Nations and expel
the representatives of Taiwan from the United Nations.
"Without expelling the Taiwan authorities
from the United Nations, it would have been impossible to
properly resolve China's representation at the United
Nations," he said.
The resolution has
reaffirmed the "one China" principle, thus
settling once and for all and in a just manner the question
of China's representation at the United Nations. It not only
foiled the plot by a very small number of countries to
create "two Chinas" or "one China, one
Taiwan" in the United Nations then, but has also ruled
out for good the possibility of such a plot achieving its
evil purpose. The resolution which has reflected the
Purposes and Principles of the Charter as well as the desire
of an overwhelming majority of countries of the United
Nations is a victory of justice, he said.
However, since 1993, Nicaragua and a very
small number of other member states, moving against the
historical trend at the beck and call of the Taiwan
authorities, have gone so far as to challenge Resolution
2758 (XXVI) and attempted to mislead the General Assembly
into considering the question of the so-called Taiwan's
"representation." The thrust of their proposal is
to negate the "one China" principle and strip
Resolution 2758 (XXVI) of its essence, so as to create
"two Chinas," "one China, one Taiwan" or
"one country, two governments" by new tricks.
"This is entirely a mockery and blasphemy of such an
august organization as the United Nations," he said.
The General Committee of the successive
session of the General Assembly since the 48th session have
all made a just reply to this question, i.e. not including
the question of the so-called Taiwan's
"representation" in the agenda of the General
Assembly. This has fully reflected the resolve of the
overwhelming majority of UN member states to defend the
principles of the UN Charter and their strong will to
safeguard the seriousness and integrity of Resolution 2758
(XXVI). The new proposal dished out by Nicaragua and a very
small number of other countries this year will come to an
end certainly no better than previous years, he said.
Ambassador Qin Huasun said that only national
reunification is the fundamental guarantee of the interests
of the Taiwan compatriots.
"Only with the
accomplishment of peaceful reunification can the Taiwan
compatriots truly and fully enjoy, together with other
Chinese people of all ethnic groups, the dignity and
prestige attained by their great motherland in the
world," he said.
There is no one in the
world that is more concerned about the interests and future
of the 21.5 million Taiwan compatriots than the Chinese
government and people, he noted.
development of China's policy of "peaceful
reunification and one country, two systems" which was
put forward by the late Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping over a
decade ago for the settlement of the Taiwan question.
Hong Kong's return to the motherland on July 1
this year marks an important step toward the accomplishment
of China's great cause of national reunification and has won
warm welcome from the entire Chinese people including the
21.5 million Taiwan compatriots as well as appreciation and
endorsement from all countries in the world. In December
1999, "one country, two systems" will be
implemented in Macao, he said.
will prove that the concept of 'one country, two systems' is
not only a good way to settle the questions of Hong Kong and
Macao, but will also certainly succeed in Taiwan," he
"The ultimate realization of
'one country, two systems' in Taiwan conforms to the common
aspirations and is in the fundamental interest of the entire
Chinese people including the 21.5 million Taiwan compatriots
and contributes to peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific
region and the world as a whole," he added.
In order to end the state of separation
between the two sides of the Taiwan Straits and achieve
national reunification, Chinese President Jiang Zemin made
an important speech on January 30, 1995, in which he put
forward an eight-point proposal on developing the relations
across the Straits and advancing the process of peaceful
reunification of the motherland, he reviewed.
The proposal has not only taken into
consideration the long-term interests of the entire Chinese
people, but also accommodated and safeguarded the vital
interests of the Taiwan compatriots, thus winning strong
support from the entire Chinese people including the Taiwan
compatriots as well as wide acclaim from the international
community, he said.
The Chinese government
will adhere to the proposal and policies for a long time to
come to promote the development of relations between the two
sides of the Straits and create more favorable conditions
for peaceful reunification, he said.
"However, we have to point out with
regret that instead of making a goodwill response, the
Taiwan authorities have continued to carry out secessionist
activities in the world aimed at creating 'two Chinas' and
'one China, one Taiwan.' We hope that the Taiwan authorities
will, in the wider interest of the Chinese nation, return to
the one China position, stop all activities to split the
motherland and take concrete measures to improve the
relations across the straits," he said.
He also warned that should Nicaragua and a
very small number of other countries continue to hurt the
fundamental interests of China, they would isolate
themselves and ultimately pay the price for it.